There are four principles: dharma, artha, kāma, and moksha.
Dharma is the nature.
The body has its nature. If the body wants to sleep you have to provide it with rest. But, what do we do if the body wants to sleep? We put on the television because of an interesting movie. We are going against the body. Dharma, the body has its demands.
Artha is the means, kāma is the desire and moksha is the release from the desire.
Suppose the body has a desire to eat and even though you have eaten, the desire has not vanished. Your stomach is full, but the mind wants you to eat. So the desire to eat still remains. Can you relate to this situation? This is where moksha comes in. Moksha means release from the desire. Dropping of desire is moksha.
If there is no co-ordination between these four faculties, then life will be a total chaos.
It will be a misery. When there is co-ordination between the four faculties, the desire and the nature are co-ordinated. The means and fulfillment are co-ordinated. Liberation can be taken to mean fulfillment. Suppose you have a desire to go to the moon or to fly. But, your desire is not co-ordinated with your means.
There is a story. Once there was a potter who made many pots.
He took much time in making them, making each pot artistically and even painting some of them. He put them all in a basket to take to the market. It was quite some distance to the place. Usually the mind does not keep quiet. The potter started daydreaming as he was walking along. He began to make various plans what he would do with the money that he would earn by selling the pots. He imagined that he would become a millionaire. That his friends would respect him a lot. He would give them a lot of money and he would be able to just relax and lean on a chair doing nothing. While dreaming he dropped both his hands and all the pots fell down and were shattered. He did not even reach the marketplace.
No co-ordination between the means available, our desires and our nature, brings misery. And no co-ordination between all four – fulfillment, desire, means, and one’s very nature creates problems.
Rudram chanting done on Mondays is even more special. Monday is the day of the moon and the moon and mind are connected. Mantra, mind, moon, they are all connected somewhere. So, in India, as a tradition, they have this chanting going on in the Ashrams. So in our ashram also, every Monday, we have Rudra Pooja.
All the five elements are used in pooja. Pooja means honoring all the elements, born out of fullness. So, fire, water, incense sticks, fruits, flowers, rice, whatever nature has given to us, those things are used and the chanting goes on. There is a lot of depth and meaning to it. You can go and do some research on it, more and more things will come out.
Rudram is an ancient chanting which was downloaded from the Aakasha (space). When the ancient sages and Rishis sat in meditation, they heard, and what they heard, they started transferring to other people.
The effect of Rudram is it creates positive energy and removes negative vibes. And a lot is said about the Rudram. When Rudram happens nature flourishes, nature becomes joyful and happy.
Mainly, it creates more positive ions, more so when people are meditating. Just doing it as a ritual is not that effective because it is said that the Veda Mantras are effective when people are awake from within. For them, these mantras have more meaning.